POLICY ON INVESTMENTS
The purpose of this policy is to establish guidelines for the investment of school district funds.
II. GENERAL STATEMENT OF POLICY
It is the policy of this school district to comply with all state laws relating to investments and to guarantee that investments meet certain primary criteria.
This policy applies to all investments of the surplus funds of the school district regardless of the fund accounts in which they are maintained, unless certain investments are specifically exempted by the school board through formal action.
IV. AUTHORITY; OBJECTIVES
A. The funds of the school district shall be deposited or invested in accordance with this policy, Minn. Stat. Chapter 118A and any other applicable law or written administrative procedures.
B. The primary criteria for the investment of the funds of the school district, in priority order, are as follows:
1. Safety and Security - Safety of principal is the first priority. The investments of the school district shall be undertaken in a manner that seeks to ensure the preservation of the capital in the overall investment portfolio.
2. Liquidity - The funds shall be invested to assure that funds are available to meet immediate payment requirements, including payroll, accounts payable and debt service.
3. Return and Yield - The investments shall be managed in a
manner to attain a market rate of return through various economic and budgetary cycles, while preserving and protecting the capital in the investment portfolio and taking into account constraints on risk and cash flow requirements.
V. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
A. The Business Manager of the school district is designated as the investment officer of the school district and is responsible for investment decisions and activities under the direction of the school board. The investment officer shall operate the school district’s investment program consistent with this policy. The investment officer may delegate certain duties to a designee or designees, but shall remain responsible for the operation of the program.
B. All officials and employees that are a part of the investment process shall act professionally and responsibly as custodians of the public trust, and shall refrain from personal business activity that could conflict with the investment program or which could reasonably cause others to question the process and integrity of the investment program. The investment officer shall avoid any transaction that could impair public confidence in the school district.
VI. STANDARD OF CONDUCT
The standard of conduct regarding school district investments to be applied by the investment officer shall be the “prudent person standard.” Under this standard, the investment officer shall exercise that degree of judgment and care, under the circumstances then prevailing, that persons of prudence, discretion and intelligence would exercise in the management of their own affairs, investing not for speculation and considering the probable safety of their capital as well as the probable investment return to be derived from their assets. The prudent person standard shall be applied in the context of managing the overall investment portfolio of the school district. The investment officer, acting in accordance with this policy and exercising due diligence, judgment and care commensurate with the risk, shall not be held personally responsible for a specific security’s performance or for market price changes. Deviations from expectations shall be reported in a timely manner and appropriate actions shall be taken to control adverse developments.
VII. MONITORING AND ADJUSTING INVESTMENTS
The investment officer shall routinely monitor existing investments and the contents of the school district’s investment portfolio, the available markets and the relative value of competing investment instruments.
VIII. INTERNAL CONTROLS
The investment officer shall establish a system of internal controls which shall be documented in the Administrative Guideline. The internal controls shall be reviewed by the school board and shall be annually reviewed for compliance by the school district’s independent auditors. The internal controls shall be designed to prevent and control losses of public funds due to fraud, error, misrepresentation, unanticipated market changes or imprudent actions by officers, employees or others. The internal controls may include, but shall not be limited to, provisions relating to controlling collusion, separating functions, separating transaction authority from accounting and record keeping, custodial safekeeping, avoiding bearer form securities, clearly delegating authority to applicable staff members, limiting securities losses and remedial actions, confirming telephone transactions, supervising and controlling employee actions, minimizing the number of authorized investment officials, and documenting transactions and strategies.
IX. PERMISSIBLE INVESTMENT INSTRUMENTS
The school district may invest its available funds in those instruments specified in Minn. Stat. 118A.04 and 118A.05, as these sections may be amended from time to time, or any other law governing the investment of school district funds.
X. PORTFOLIO DIVERSIFICATION; MATURITIES
A. Limitations on instruments, diversification and maturity scheduling shall depend on whether the funds being invested are considered short-term or long-term funds. All funds shall normally be considered short-term except those reserved for building construction projects or specific future projects and any unreserved funds used to provide financial-related managerial flexibility for future fiscal years.
B. The school district shall diversity its investments to avoid incurring unreasonable risks inherent in over-investing in specific instruments, individual financial institutions or maturities.
1. The following list specifies the maximum percentage of the school district’s investment portfolio that may be invested in a single type of investment instrument.
For example, a maximum of 100% of the portfolio could be invested in U.S. Treasury Obligations; a maximum of 25% of the portfolio could be invested in Repurchase Agreements.
a. U. S. Treasury Obligations (Bills, notes and bonds) – 100%.
b. U.S. Government Agency Securities and Instrumentalities of Government Sponsored Corporations – 100%.
c. Bankers’ Acceptances (BAs) – 25%.
d. Commercial Paper – Prime Double Rated (CP) – 85%.
e. Repurchase Agreements (Repros) – 25%.
f. Certificates of Deposit (CDs) Commercial Banks (Government Collateral above $250,000 F.D.I.C. insurance level) – 85%.
g. Certificates of Deposit (CDs) Savings and Loan Associations (not to exceed $250,000 F.S.L.I.C. insurance level) – 85%.
h. Local Government Investment Pool – 75%.
i. Money Market Funds – 100%.
2. The school district shall diversify its investments by using several financial institutions so that no more than 66 percent of the total portfolio is with any one financial institution when the total portfolio exceeds $1,000,000. When the total portfolio is $1,000,000 or less, diversification may not be necessary or possible.
3. Investment maturities shall be scheduled to coincide with projected school district cash flow needs, taking into account large routine or scheduled expenditures, as well as anticipated receipt dates of anticipated revenues. Maturities for short-term and long-term investments shall be timed according to anticipated need. Within these parameters, portfolio maturities shall be staggered to avoid undue concentration of assets and a specific maturity sector. The maturities selected shall provide for stability of income and reasonable liquidity.
XI. COMPETITIVE SELECTION OF INVESTMENT INSTRUMENTS
Before the school district invests any surplus funds in a specific investment instrument, a competitive bid or quotation process shall be utilized. If a specific maturity date is required, either for cash flow purposes or for conformance to maturity guidelines, quotations or bids shall be requested for instruments which meet the maturity requirement. Quotations or bids shall be requested for various options with regard to term and instrument. The school district will accept the quotation or bid which provides the highest rate of return within the maturity required and within the limits of this policy. Generally all quotations or bids will be computed on a consistent basis, i.e., a 360-day or a 365-day yield. Records will be kept of the quotations or bids received, the quotations or bids accepted and a brief explanation of the decision that was made regarding the investment. If the school district contracts with an investment advisor, bids are not required in those circumstances specified in the contract with the advisor.
XII. QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONS AND BROKER-DEALERS
A. The school district shall maintain a list of the financial institutions that are approved for investment purposes.
B. Prior to completing an initial transaction with a broker, the school district shall provide to the broker a written statement of investment restrictions which shall include a provision that all future investments are to be made in accordance with Minnesota Statutes governing the investment of public funds. The broker must annually acknowledge receipt of the statement of investment restrictions and agree to handle the school district’s account in accordance with these restrictions. The school district may not enter into a transaction with a broker until the broker has provided this annual written agreement to the school district. The notification form to be used shall be that prepared by the State Auditor. A copy of this investment policy, including any amendments thereto, shall be provided to each such broker.
XIII. SAFEKEEPING AND COLLATERALIZATION
A. All investment securities purchased by the school district shall be held in third-party safekeeping by an institution designated as custodial agent. The custodial agent may be any federal reserve bank, and bank authorized under the laws of the United States or any state to exercise corporate trust powers, a primary reporting dealer in United States Government securities to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or a securities broker-dealer defined in Minn. Stat. 118A.06. The institution or dealer shall issue a safekeeping receipt to the school district listing the specific instrument, the name of the issuer, the name in which the security is held, the rate, the maturity, serial numbers and other distinguishing marks, and other pertinent information.
B. Deposit-type securities shall be collateralized as required by Minn. Stat. 118A.03 for any amount exceeding FDIC, SAIF, BIF, FCUA, or other federal deposit coverage.
C. Repurchase agreements shall be secured by the physical delivery or transfer against payment of the collateral securities to a third parity or custodial agent for safekeeping. The school district may accept a safekeeping receipt instead of requiring physical delivery or third-party safekeeping of collateral on overnight repurchase agreements of less than $1,000,000.
XIV. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
A. The investment officer shall generate monthly transaction reports for management purposes. In addition, the school board shall be provided a monthly report that shall include data on investment instruments being held as well as any narrative necessary for clarification.
B. If necessary, the investment officer shall establish systems and procedures to comply with applicable federal laws and regulations governing the investment of bond proceeds and funds in a debt service account for a bond issue. The record keeping system shall be reviewed annually by the independent auditor or by another party contracted or designated to review investments for arbitrage rebate or penalty calculation purposes.
The school board shall annually designate one or more official depositories for school district funds. The treasurer or the chief financial officer of the school district may also exercise the power of the school board to designate a depository. The school board shall be provided notice of any such designation by its next regular meeting. The school district and the depository shall each comply with the provisions of Minn. Stat. 118A.03 and any other applicable law, including any provisions relating to designation of a depository, qualifying institutions, depository bonds, and approval, deposit, assignment, substitution, addition and withdrawal of collateral.
XVI. ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER OF FUNDS FOR INVESTMENT
The school district may make electronic fund transfers for investments of excess funds upon compliance with Minn. Stat. 471.38.
Legal References: Minn. Stat. 118.A.01 (Public Funds; Depositories and
Minn. Stat. 118A.02 (Authorization for Deposit and
Minn. Stat. 118A.03 (Depositories and Collateral)
Minn. Stat. 118A.04 (Investments)
Minn. Stat. 118A.05 (Contracts and Agreements)
Minn. Stat. 118A.06 (Delivery and Safekeeping)
Cross References: Board Policy 704 – Annual Audit
MSBA Service Manual, Chapter Finance 7, Education Funding
Minnesota Legal Compliance Audit Guide prepared by the
Office of the State Auditor
ADOPTED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION: November 17, 1997
REVISED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION: February 22, 2005, June 16, 2009
FOR ACTION – NEW BUSINESS Agenda Item VI.2
Board of Education
Independent School District 280
Regular Meeting, September 7, 2010
SUBJECT: BOARD POLICY #702 – INVESTMENTS
Recommended by the Superintendent that the Board of Education approve Policy #702 - INVESTMENTS.
The proposed revised policy is modeled after the MSBA recommended language on investment policies.
The policy is updated to include language for OPEB trust investments and is located under section IX on page 3 of the policy. Minnesota Statute 471.6175 allows for additional types of investments that are not included in Statute 118A. This would include stock equities.
The position of the District is to provide for safety of the principal investment while attaining the highest interest rate available. The District has invested OPEB trust funds in OPEB Bonds issued by other districts and Build America bonds even though these are new investment tools they would still fall under Statute 118A. The District does not plan on investing any of the OPEB trust principal in stock equities.
We are not recommending any changes to the administrative guidelines on investments 702.1. If you have suggested changes, please contact the business office. This policy will be scheduled for a second reading and future School Board action unless otherwise desired by the Board.
(Prepared by Michael E. Schwartz)
702.1 Administrative Guidelines
ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDELINES ON INVESTMENTS
The Business Manager and/or designee shall be responsible for investing District funds according to the following procedures:
1. A cash flow analysis will be used to project future District cash needs.
2. Funds which exceed anticipated current need will be invested as provided in the investment policy for periods of time which coincide with needs projected in the cash flow analysis.
3. Competitive bids will be requested from approved depositories by telephone.
4. When deemed reasonable the investment will be awarded to the bidder responding with the highest yield that meets the criteria established in the investment policy and this guideline. Tied bids will be resolved at the discretion of the Business Manager and/or designee.
5. Since investment decisions must be made within a narrow time framework, bids, which are not received in a timely manner, may be excluded from consideration in the awarding process.
6. District investments in any one institution shall be kept to a maximum of 66 percent of the total portfolio when the portfolio exceeds $1,000,000. Implementation of these guidelines may require rejections, in total or in part, of bids with the greatest yield.
7. Possession of the investment document will not be requested unless appropriate safekeeping arrangements cannot be made.
8. Investment decisions will be made in a manner consistent with the Board of Education policy and these guidelines understanding that the Business Manager or designee shall have the authority to act with discretion in interpreting policy or addressing questions not specified in the policy.
Dated: November 17, 1997
Reviewed: September 7, 2010
Revised: February 22, 2005