Policy 201

  • LEGAL STATUS OF THE SCHOOL BOARD

    I.       Purpose

             The care, management and control of the schools is vested by statutory and constitutional authority in the school board.  The school board shall carry out the mission of the school district with diligence, prudence, and dedication to the ideals of providing the finest public education.  The purpose of this policy is to define the authority, duties and powers of the school board in carrying out its mission.

    II.      General Statement of Policy

    A.     The school board is the governing body of the school district.  As such, the school board has responsibility for the care, management, and control over public schools in the school district.

    B.     Generally, elected members of the school board have binding authority only when acting as a school board legally in session, except where specific authority is provided to school board members or officers individually.  Generally, the school board is not bound by an action or statement on the part of an individual school board member unless the action is specifically directed or authorized by the school board.

    III.     Definition

             “School board” means the governing body of the school district.

    IV.       Powers and Duties

    A.     The school board has powers and duties specified by statute.  The school board’s authority includes implied powers in addition to specific powers granted by the legislature.

    B.     The school board exercises administrative functions.  It also has certain powers of a legislative character and other powers of a quasi-judicial character.

    C.     The school board shall superintend and manage the schools of the school district; adopt rules for their organization, government, and instruction; prescribe curriculum and courses of study; and make and authorize contracts.

    D.     The school board shall have the general charge of the business of the school district, its facilities and property, and of the interest of the schools.

    E.     The school board, among other duties, shall oversee the implementation of the following in accordance with applicable law. 

    1.      provide by levy of tax, necessary funds for the conduct of schools, the payment of indebtedness, and all proper expenses of the school district; 

    2.      conduct the business of the schools and pay indebtedness and proper expenses;

    3.      employ and contract with necessary qualified teachers and discharge the same for cause;

    4.      adopt rules for their organization, government, and instruction; prescribe  curriculum and courses of study;

    5.      provide services to promote the health of its pupils;

    6.      provide school buildings and erect needed buildings;

    7.      purchase, sell, and exchange school district property and equipment as deemed necessary by the school board for school purposes;

    8.      provide for payment of claims against the school district, and prosecute and defend actions by or against the school district, in all proper cases;

    9.      employ and discharge necessary employees and contract for other services;

    10.    provide for transportation of pupils to and from school, as governed by statute; and

    11.    procure insurance against liability of the school district, its officers and employees.

    F.      The school board, at its discretion, may oversee the implementation of the following: 

    1.      provide library facilities, public evening schools, adult and continuing education programs, summer school programs and intercession classes of flexible school year programs;

    2.      furnish school lunches for pupils and teachers on such terms as the school board determines;

    3.      enter into agreements with one or more other independent school districts to provide for agreed upon educational services;

    4.      lease rooms or buildings for school purposes;

    5.      authorize the use of school facilities for community purposes that will not interfere with their use for school purposes;

    6.      authorize co-curricular and extracurricular activities;

    7.      receive, for the benefit of the school district, bequests, donations, or gifts for any proper purpose; and

    8.      perform other acts as the school board shall deem to be reasonably necessary or required for the governance of the schools.

    Legal References:           Minn. Stat. §123A.22 (Cooperative Centers)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.02 (general powers)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.09 (school board powers)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.14 (school district officers)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.23 (Liability insurance)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.49 (Co-curricular and Extracurricular

                                                       Activities; Insurance)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.51 (Schoolhouses and Sites; Access

                                                       Non-curricular Purposes)

                                                 Minn. Stat. §123B.85 (definition) Jensen v. Indep. Consol.

                                                       Sch. Dist. No. 85, 160 Minn. 233, 199 N.W. 911 (1924)                                          

    Cross References:          MSBA Service Manual, Chapter 3, School Board and its

                                                       Powers

                                                 Board Policy 203 - Organization of the Board of Education

                                                 Board Policy 208 - Open Meetings and Closed Meetings

    Adopted by the Board of Education:        November 20, 1995

    Reviewed by the Board of Education:     

    Revised by the Board of Education:         August 21, 2000, August 1, 2005,

    January 19, 2016