Policy 104

  •  DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE/DRUG-FREE SCHOOL

     

     

    I.          PURPOSE

     

    The purpose of this policy is to maintain a safe and healthful environment for employees and students by prohibiting the use of alcohol, toxic substances, medical cannabis, and controlled substances without a physician prescription.

     

    II.         GENERAL STATEMENT OF POLICY

     

    A.        Use or possession of controlled substances, toxic substances, medical cannabis, and alcohol before, during, or after school hours, at school or in any other school location, is prohibited as general policy.  Paraphernalia associated with controlled substances is prohibited.

     

    B.        It shall be a violation of this policy for any student, teacher, administrator, other school district personnel, or member of the public to use or possess alcohol, toxic substances, medical cannabis, or controlled substances in any school location.

     

    C.        The school district will act to enforce this policy and to discipline or take appropriate action against any student, teacher, administrator, school personnel, or member of the public who violates this policy.

     

    D.        Random Canine searches may be used to determine if any violation of this policy has occurred.  All school district property and personal property of students or staff are subject to such searches.

     

    III.        DEFINITIONS

     

    A.        “Alcohol” includes any alcoholic beverage, malt beverage, or fortified wine or other intoxicating liquor.

     

    B.        “Controlled substances” include narcotic drugs, hallucinogenic drugs, amphetamines, barbiturates, marijuana, anabolic steroids, or any other controlled substance as defined in Schedules I through V of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. § 812, including analogues and look-alike drugs.

     

    C.        “Medical cannabis” means any species of the genus cannabis plant, or any mixture or preparation of them, including whole plant extracts and resins, and is delivered in the form of: (1) liquid, including, but not limited to, oil: (2) pill; (3) vaporized delivery method with use of liquid or oil but which does not require the use of dried leaves or plant form; or (4) any other method, excluding smoking, approved by the commissioner.

     

    D.        “Toxic substances” includes glue, cement, aerosol paint, or other substances used or possessed with the intent of inducing intoxication or excitement of the central nervous system.

     

    E.        “Use” includes to sell, buy, manufacture, distribute, dispense, possess, use or be under the influence of alcohol and/or controlled substances.

    F.         “Possess” means to have on one’s person, in one’s effects, or in an area subject to one’s control.

     

    G.        “School district location” includes any school building or on any school premises; including any school owned property including but not limited to, lockers, desks, closets, cloak rooms, and any school parking lots; on any school-owned vehicle or in any other school-approved vehicle used to transport students to and from school or school activities; off school property at any school-sponsored or school-approved activity, event or function, such as a field trip or athletic event, where students are under the jurisdiction of the school district; or during any period of time such employee is supervising students on behalf of the school district or otherwise engaged in school district business.

     

    IV.       EXCEPTIONS

    A.        It shall not be a violation of this policy for a person to bring onto a school location, for such person’s own use, a controlled substance which has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and the person has a physician prescription for the substance. This exception does not apply to medical cannabis, the possession and use of which on school property is not allowed regardless of whether the person has a physician prescription. The person shall comply with the relevant procedures of this policy.

     

    B.        It shall not be a violation of this policy for a person to possess an alcoholic beverage in a school location when the possession is within the exceptions of Minn. Stat. § 624.701, Subd. 1a (experiments in laboratories or pursuant to a temporary license under Minn. Stat. § 340A.404, Subd. 10 and § 340A.403, Subd. 2).

     

    V.        PROCEDURES

     

    A.        Students who have a prescription from a physician for medical treatment with a controlled substance, except medical cannabis, must provide a copy of the prescription and the medication to the school nurse, principal or other designated staff member.  The school district's licensed school nurse, trained health assistant, principal, teacher or other designated staff member will administer the prescribed medication in accordance with school district procedures.

     

    B.        Employees who have a prescription from a physician for medical treatment with a controlled substance, except medical cannabis, are permitted to possess such controlled substance and associated necessary paraphernalia, such as an inhaler or syringe.  The employee must inform his or her supervisor, or the Director of Human Resources. The employee may be required to provide a copy of the prescription.

     

    C.        Employees are subject to the school district’s drug and alcohol testing policies and procedures.

     

    D.        Each employee shall be provided with written notice of this Drug-Free Workplace/Drug-Free School policy and shall be required to acknowledge that he or she has received the policy. Records documenting staff acknowledgement of this policy will be maintained by the Human Resource Department.

     

    E.        Members of the public are not permitted to use or possess controlled substances in a school location except with the express permission of the superintendent.

     

    F.         No person is permitted to possess or use medical cannabis on a school bus or van; or on the grounds of any preschool or primary or secondary school; or on the grounds of any child care facility.

     

    G.        Possession of alcohol on school grounds pursuant to the exceptions of Minn. Stat. § 624.701, Subd. 1a, shall be by permission of the school board only.  The applicant for permission shall apply in writing and shall follow the school board procedures for placing an item on the agenda.

     

    VI.       ENFORCEMENT

     

    A.        Students

     

    1.         A student who violates the terms of this policy shall be subject to discipline in accordance with the school district’s discipline policy.  Such discipline may include suspension or expulsion from school.

     

    2.         The student may be referred to a drug or alcohol assistance or rehabilitation program and/or to law enforcement officials where appropriate.

     

    B.        Employees

     

    1.         An employee who violates the terms of this policy is subject to disciplinary action, including nonrenewal, suspension, termination or discharge as deemed appropriate by the school board.

     

    2.         In addition, any employee who violates the terms of this policy may be required to satisfactorily participate in a drug and/or alcohol abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved by the school district.  Any employee who fails to satisfactorily participate in and complete such a program is subject to nonrenewal, suspension or termination as deemed appropriate by the school board.

     

    3.         As a condition of employment in any federal grant, each employee who is engaged either directly or indirectly in performance of a federal grant shall abide by the terms of this policy and shall notify his or her supervisor in writing of his or her conviction of any criminal drug statute for a violation occurring in any of the places listed above on which work on a school district federal grant is performed, no later than five (5) calendar days after such conviction.

     

    4.         Sanctions against employees, including nonrenewal, suspension, termination or discharge shall be pursuant to and in accordance with applicable statutory authority, collective bargaining agreements and school district policies.

     

    C.        The Public.

     

    A member of the public who violates this policy shall be informed of the policy and asked to leave.  If necessary, law enforcement officials will be notified and asked to provide an escort.

     

    Legal References:              Minn. Stat. § 121A.22 (Administration of Drugs and Medicine)

                                                    Minn. Stat. § 152.22 (Medical Cannabis; Definitions)

                                                    Minn. Stat. §152.23 (Medical Cannabis; Limitations)

                                                    Minn. Stat. § 340A.403 (3.2 Percent Malt Liquor Licenses)

                                                    Minn. Stat. § 340A.404 Intoxicating Liquor; On-Sale

                                                                Licenses)

                Minn. Stat. § 609.684 (Sale of Toxic Substances to Children;

                            Abuse of Toxic Substances)

                                                    Minn. Stat. § 624.701 (Liquor in Certain Buildings or

                                                                Grounds)

                                                    21 C.F.R. §§ 1308.11-1308.15 (Controlled Substances)

                                                    21 U.S.C. § 812 (Schedules of Controlled Substances)

                                                    41 U.S.C. 701-707 (Drug-Free Workplace Act)

                                                    20 U.S.C. 7101-7165 (Safe and Drug-Free Schools

                                                                Communities Act of 1994)

                                                    34 C.F.R. Part 84 (Government wide Requirements for

                                                                Drug-Free Workplace)

     

    Cross Reference:               Board Policy 404 - Drug and Alcohol Testing

                                                    Board Policy 541 - Student Behavior

                                                    Board Policy 543 – Search of Student Lockers, Desks,   Personal Possessions, Student’s Person and All Other School Locations

                                                    Board Policy 544 - Chemical Use/Abuse

     

     

    ADOPTED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION:  September 5, 1995

     

    AMENDED BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION:   November 6, 2000; January 21, 2003, June 17, 2008, May 16, 2016